working documents of the Conseil d'Etat
|The Emergence of the Conseil d'Etat|
du 22 Frimaire an VIII (13 December, 1799) established government
by three consuls appointed for a ten-year term of office. A consultative
body, the Conseil d'Etat, was attached to them (art. 52-53), and its
members were appointed and could be removed from office by the First
Consul. This body was responsible for drawing up bills, the system of
public administration and for resolving administrative disputes, under
the direction of the Consuls.
Its first task was to restore civil harmony
The Conseil d'Etat and the Consuls quickly
embarked on the task of restoring public order. The Consuls' call for
harmony declared that "the Conseil d'Etat is working assiduously to
prepare the reform of bad laws and to create a more appropriate arrangement
of public taxation". The Conseil d'Etat met every day.
From 5 Niv˘se to 30 Pluvi˘se, An VIII, in the fifty days between the first session of the Conseil in the Petit Luxembourg and its move to the Palais des Tuileries, 201 matters had already been referred to the Conseil.
Roederer (Baron A.), uvres complètes, Paris : Firmin Didot, 1853, t. III, p. 308-309. [Back]